The artificial offshore islands of Palm Jumeirah located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, the location of personal residences and hotels. From the sky, the peninsula meets a stylized palm in a circle. Palm Jumeirah island started building in June 2001 early 21st century and was completed in 2006 mostly financed by Dubai’s substantial petroleum income.
The main sectors of Palm Jumeirah island are known as spine, Trunk, crescents, and fornods. The broad trunk, connected to the mainland by a bridge, is the doorway to the event. There is another bridge that connects the island to mainland Dubai, which is a narrow central axis. The crescent may be a breakwater that almost surrounds the opposite sectors. It is divided into three sections so on facilitate the circulation of seawater.
There is a tunnel that for vehicles connects the Palm Jumeirah to the Mainland Dubai, and a transit monorail runs about 3 miles (4.8 km) from the mainland to the crescent through the spine and trunk.
The crescent is almost altogether 10.5 miles (17 km) long & 650 feet (200 meters) wide. Almost (560 hectares) 1,380 acres of newest land were created altogether, within a neighbourhood about (5 km) 3.1 miles in diameter.
The developer of Palm Jumeirah was Nakheel, a true estate company now owned by the govt of Dubai. An American architectural firm Helman Hurley Charvat Peacock. was involved in the plan. The Palm Jumeirah Island was mostly made from sand which was dredged from the Persian Gulf, but the side of the crescent that is exposed to the open sea was shored up with boulders and rocks from Dubai mainland.
Development work was started in 2001, And the basic infrastructure was in place in 2004. And Buildings Construction work was started in 2006, in 2007 the first resident’s of the project arrived. Apartments, retail facilities, and a couple of hotels are situated on the trunk. Most of the resorts & hotels are located on the crescent while the villas inline the long fronds, while. In the second decade of the 21st century, a minimum of 10,000 people lived in Palm Jumeirah; some estimates were much higher.
Palm Jumeirah was intended to be the primary of three similarly shaped offshore developments in Dubai. The others, Palm Jebel Ali and Palm Deira are both much larger than Palm Jumeirah but remain uncompleted due to economic uncertainty. Also incomplete is that the World, a grouping of artificial islands that are intended, upon completion, to resemble a map of the planet.
According to the publicity material of the developer, The Island of Jumeirah Palm will be feature themed boutique hotels, three types of villas (Canal Cove Town Homes, Signature Villas, and Garden Homes), shoreline apartment buildings, beaches, marinas, restaurants, cafes, and a spread of shops.
Over 30 beachfront hotels are going to be opened by the top of 2009, including:
- The Oceana Resort and Spa and on 1st May 2007 Trump International Hotel & Towers
- The Atlantis, The Palm
- The Taj Exotica Hotel & Resort
- Grandeur Residences
- Tiara Hotel & Residence
- Oceana Resort & Spa
- The Fairmont Palm Residence
- The Fairmont Palm Hotel & Resort
- The Dubai Estates Hotel & Park
- Hotel Missoni Dubai
- Radisson SAS Hotel Dubai, The Palm Jumeirah
- Kempinski Emerald Palace
- Kempinski Emerald Palace Residences
- Two F-100 Super Sabre fighter jets are stripped and sunk near The Palm Jumeirah to make a man-made reef, intended to encourage marine life.
- On 18 June 2007, the Cunard Line announced that it had sold its former flagship, RMS
- Queen Elizabeth 2, to Istithmar to be used as a floating hotel at The Palm Jumeirah beginning in 2009.
The 5.4 km (3.35 mile) Palm Jumeirah Monorail is being built on the island ready to “> which can be able to transport 40,000 people a day. It is expected to open in April 2009.
Construction was started on the island of Palm Jumeirah in June 2001 and the primary residential units handover in 2006 by the developers. The island has been created using 94 million cubic meters of sand and seven million plenty of rock. The Palm Jumeirah was created by pouring sand fill onto the ten .5 meter-deep seabed using dredgers.
Above water level, 3 meters of the reclamation were achieved by a dredging technique referred to as “rainbowing,” during which the sand fill was sprayed over the surface of the rising island. Calcareous sand was used for the reclamation. The island includes a curved breakwater using natural rock, intended to encourage the creation of a natural reef and supply habitats for sea life. The landform was reclaimed by the Dutch company Van Oord, who are world experts in land reclamation. Total cost reached US$12.3 billion and maintaining the island may be a costly expenditure.
Approximately 40,000 workers, mostly from South Asia, are involved in the construction of the island. The Palm Jumeirah already became the world’s biggest man-made island in early October 2007. Also at this point, 75% of the properties were able to fork over, with 500 families already residing on the island. By the top of 2009, 28 hotels are going to be open on the Crescent.
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The complexities of the development are blamed, in part, for the extended delays to the completion of the project, the date of which has been pushed back multiple times and is now nearly two years late. Further controversy was engendered when it had been revealed that after launching the project, Nakheel increased the number of residential units on the island (with a concomitant reduction within the physical space of the individual properties) from the originally-announced 4500 (comprising 2000 villas and 2500 apartments) to an estimated 8000 without recompense to those investors who had purchased early in the expectation of greater separation between properties.
This increase was attributed to Nakheel miscalculating the particular cost of construction and requiring the raising of additional capital, although Nakheel has never commented publicly on the matter.