Makka and Madina are sacred pilgrimage sites for the Muslim community. The pilgrimage is known as Haj Yatra and every Muslim would like to make it once in his lifetime. It is necessary where it is for every Muslim, who is financially and physically strong, and his family can be well-fed. It is believed to be the centre of the universe, as Makka is found in Saudi Arabia. Millions of people gather to pray here every year, and they attract people from all walks of the globe. It is one of the five pillars (Shahada, Salat Zakat, Zakat, and Swan) of Islam which are listed in the Quran. These cities are Islam’s two holy places. It is the home of Islam. This city was once only open to Muslims, but everyone is now allowed to visit. This article contains all the details.
Makka Madina Information
Complete Information About Makka Madina & Hajj
Makka or Mecca is where the first house for prayer was built. The equivalent of 100,000 prayers is to pray in this holy mosque. Muslims pray before Mecca five times per day. The capital of the Kingdom of Mecca, located 277m above sea level, is within 70 km of the city of Jinnah Valley. This is also where the Quran was written. A special cave is located 3km from Mecca, which is believed to be Kaaba’s home.
Prophet Muhammad, the Messenger of God in Mecca and the founder of Islam, was born in 570. Prophet Ibrahim and Prophet Ismail were the messengers to Allah and the sons and daughters of Hazrat and spent the majority of their lives in this city. After a dispute between Mecca’s people and Muhammad, the Prophet fled Mecca to seek refuge in Madina. The Kaaba Mosque in Saudi Arabia, Islam’s holiest spot, is located in Mecca. According to Muslim tradition, this mosque was constructed from black stones by Adam, Abraham, and his son Ishmail. Sharif, a descendant of Muhammad, was Mecca’s ruler for a long time. Makka was founded in 1925.
History and Madina
It is not clear what Medina’s early history was like. However, it is believed that Jews had already settled there in response to expulsion from Palestine during Christianity. Later, however, they fled. The September 622 visit of Prophet Muhammad to Medina marked a new chapter in the history and development of the oasis. This date marks the start of the Muslim calendar, also known as the Hijra. Muhammad and his 30,000 followers delivered a message to the Plain of Arafat in 632. It stated that Muhammad’s mission on Earth was completed two months after his death in Madina. Here he was buried after his death. His tomb is considered holy because of this. After the expulsion of the Jews, Islam grew rapidly in Medina and was made the administrative capital of the Islamic State. Islam is the largest religion in the 21st Century.
Hajj Journey Time (Hajj Dates)
According to the Islamic calendar, Haj pilgrimage dates are determined. Each yatra lasts for five days each year. This is the eighth through the 12th days of Dhu al-Hijjah, which is the last month on the Islamic calendar. It is also known as Hajj, the ninth Dhul Hijjah within these five days. Al-Hijra marks the Islamic New Year. The Islamic calendar follows the lunar calendar. The Islamic year is 11 days shorter than the Gregorian. This is why the Hajj date of Gregorian differs each year. The Gregorian calendar states that the Haj pilgrimage starts every year 11 days prior to each year’s previous pilgrimages. This means that Hajj can only be performed once in 33 years. This last happened in 2006.
When does the pilgrimage Hajj start in 2023? (Hajj Madina 2023 date)
The Hajj pilgrimage in 2023 will begin on Monday 26 June 2023 and end on 1 July 2023.
Step-by-step instructions for Hajj Travel
Pilgrims may also visit Mecca throughout the year. This is known as Umrah or a short pilgrimage. Even though Umrah is performed, the pilgrim must still complete the Hajj pilgrimage at least once in his lifetime. Umrah is not enough to make one’s Hajj pilgrimage.
The Fiqh literature explains in detail what ideals and etiquettes should be observed while travelling on the Haj pilgrimage. The Hajj rituals can be performed by a pilgrim according to Islamic law. These are the things that every pilgrim must do to ensure he completes the Haj pilgrimage successfully. The Hajj pilgrimage is not just about following the words of Muhammad; it also involves keeping alive the memories of Abraham’s events.
The pilgrim must have a spirit that is spiritual and unifying during the Hajj pilgrimage. All Muslims should share the spirit of equality, performance, and equality. All pilgrims must live in purity and simplicity during the Hajj. Men should wear white, simple clothing, and no other colour is allowed for women.
- Ihram How to wear Ihram for Haj – It’s 6 km from Mecca. Ihram is the name of the day pilgrims travel to the holy kingdom. Men must wear white clothing, which is not knotted. Slippers are also acceptable. Any kind of perfume can be applied to this area. It is unclear if you will find a hair shaver or nail trimmer here. Simple clothes are required for women, but they should have their mouths and hands open. Ihram is the Hebrew word for “everyone is equal before God”, meaning that everything is the same in front of God, rich or poor, male or female.
- Tawaf – Pilgrims enter Masjid-al-Haram, the Big Mosque. The Kava, which is located in the middle of the building, revolves seven times around it. The black stone touches the ‘Hazar al-Aswad” at the beginning of each round and kisses it. Pilgrims can begin the phera if there is a large crowd by pointing with their hands at the stone. Although food is not allowed here due to the high heat, it is possible to drink water. The men are required to complete the three rounds by walking fast. This is called Ramal. Two Rakat prayers are performed outside the mosque, near the Kaaba at the Place of Abraham, after the completion of the tawaaf. Due to a large number of pilgrims during Hajj, this prayer can be completed in any location within the mosque. The pilgrims then drink water from the coolers that are located around the mosque. Rounds around the Kaaba take place on the lower plane.
- Sai The process of Sai is then followed. This is between the hills of Marwah and Safa. Seven times, a round can be made by running. This is near the Kaaba. This area was once open, but it is now completely enclosed by Al-Haram-Mosque Masjid and can be reached via air-conditioned tunnels. Pilgrims should walk to this area. There are also 2 separate green pillars that pilgrims can use to run the entire round. A separate “express lane” is also available for disabled people. After the evening is over, both men and women shave their hair while their hair is tied with clips. This is how Umrah and Ihram are done.
Documents Required for Makka Madina Travels
Residents of the city must keep their ID, i.e. The security personnel will only allow residents to leave the city if they have seen their ID. For travellers from other countries, a visa (passport), is required with your identity card. Each city has its own laws. To travel to another country, you must first believe in this holy faith. It is also strictly forbidden to drink alcohol or spread dirt in the city.
Distance Between Makka and Madina
Mecca is located on the south side of Medina. The distance from Medina to Mecca by air is 339kms, and the distance by road is 439 km. Distance by rail between Mecca, Medina and Medina is 453 km.
How to Get to Makka Madina From India
This holy city is also visited by people from all over the world. You can also travel by plane or by air.
- By Air: You can fly from India to Saudi Arabia’s International Airport Jeddah. It is the gateway for pilgrimage to Makka Madina. You can also choose from airlines such as Jet Airways, Air India and Oman Airways. Distance by air from Delhi to Saudi Arabia’s Jeddah airport is 3836.68km.
The price of tickets for different airlines can vary. Prices for tickets can vary depending on whether you are travelling during Ramadan. In such cases, the ticket price will be more expensive. The cost of tickets to Jeddah from Delhi starts at Rs.17,000. You will need to pay Rs.17,000. If you fly in business class, you can expect to pay Rs 27500. Economy class travellers will be charged Rs. 1,52000. This journey can be completed by air in six hours.
- By sea: Since 1995, travel to Makka Madina was stopped by sea. However, a PTI report suggests that the government could resume the sea route service in 2018. 2515 nautical miles (equal to 1.8km) are required to travel from Mumbai port to Jeddah. You can cover 4527 km in just 2 to 3 days.
The driving distance between New Delhi and Mecca in India is 9487 km. This may take approximately 7 days 21 hours 44 mins to complete.
Hajj Travel 5 Days Information
- The first day of Hajj (Eighth-day Dhual-Hijjah) – Upon arrival in Mecca the spot where pilgrims arrive on the first day, is Meena Kshetra. Every pilgrim spends their entire day praying. Here, over 15,000 temporary tents have been set up for pilgrims. They are also provided with accommodation. A large tent with a view over the city can be seen from this view. Here, every pilgrim prays morning, afternoon, evening and night. They leave Mina the next day, after the morning prayer, and go to Arafat.
- Second Day of Hajj (Ninth-day Dhual-Hijjah)
- Arfah This is also known as the day of Arfah or the day of Hajj. Pilgrims arrive at Arfah Mountain (also known as the Mount of Mercy) before noon. It is located 20km east of Mecca. It was where pilgrims used to pray for forgiveness for their sins. They spend the entire day listening to the words and phrases of Islam. They continue this until sunset. Then, it is said that the pilgrims “stand before God”. A pilgrim who does not spend the afternoon in Arafat is considered to be illegal during his Hajj pilgrimage. The pilgrims then offer evening and afternoon prayers in Masjid al-Nimrah. Muslims in every corner of the globe spend Hajj day fasting and praying, even if they don’t go to Hajj.
- Muzdalifa – The Pilgrims depart Arfah at sunset to go to Muzdalifa. Muzdalifa refers to the region between Arfah, Mina and Mina. The pilgrims pray for Maghrib or Isha after reaching this region. Everyone prays together here, and they spend the night under the stars. To pelt devils, stones can also be collected.
- Third-Day of Hajj ( Tenth Day Dhual-Hijjah) – The pilgrims arrive from Muzdalifa and spend the day in Mina.
- Rami Jamarat The pilgrims then throw seven stones at three of the highest pillars. These are known as Jamarat al Aqbah. It is called the stoning of Satan. Stone pelting is performed from morning to evening. The remaining 2 pillars of pillars are not yet stoned. These pillars are believed to be Satan’s form. These pillars are now considered to be the form of Satan.
- Animal Sacrifice – After Satan is stoning, animal sacrifices follow the story of Abraham/Ishmael. Pilgrims used to witness or offer their sacrifices for animal sacrifice. Many pilgrims now buy sacrifice vouchers in Mecca prior to the Hajj. This allows them to sacrifice an animal on the 10th of every month, in their absence. This meat is then distributed to the poor around the world. All Muslim communities around the globe celebrate Eid al-Adha, a three-day festival that marks the end of animal sacrifice in Mecca. Bakrid.
- Hair cutting – The primary purpose of the Haj pilgrimage involves giving hair after an animal sacrifice. This involves shaving or cutting the hair. All men must shave their hair or have it cut on Eid al-Adha. Women, however, cut their top hair.
- Tawaf al Ifadah This day pilgrims travel to Masjid al-Haram, Mecca, for Tawah. It is used as a symbol to show love for God during Hajj. Meena is where this night is spent.
- The fourth day of Hajj ( Dhaul-Hijjah on the 11th day) – Seven stones are again thrown at three columns on this day. This is also known as the stoning devil.
- The fifth day of Hajj ( Dhaul-Hijjah twelfth Day ) – Seven stones can also be thrown on this day.
- Last day of Hajj – Stones are again thrown prior to going to Mecca.
- Tawaf al – Wada – Pilgrims perform Tawaf al-Wada prior to leaving Makka. Before leaving Mecca, pilgrims should touch and kiss the Kaaba at least once.
The Importance Of Makka Madina In Islam
The Prophet Muhammad declared Makka a pilgrimage destination. This is the fifth pillar of Islam. This city is the cultural, commercial and entertainment capital of Saudi Arabia. Tourists will find many attractions here. The main attraction is the Nassif House, the Beach and the Fountain of King Fahd.
- A beautiful rectangular structure is located in Makka. It is home to a mosque of granite stones. Kaaba has located in the middle of this mosque. Kaaba, an Arabic word that means “cube”, is the name of Kaaba. It is the central point of worship at the Grand Mosque of Mecca’s heart, with only one door. The Kaaba measures 40 feet in length and 33 feet wide. The Kaaba is a seven-round circuit that travellers make and then they kiss it. They believe Muhammad is still inside the black box.
- Nearby is the holy well Zam Zam, whose water never runs dry. The integration of all Muslims is also demonstrated by this yatra. Muslim unity, solidarity. All Muslims pray in the direction of Mecca or Kaaba. This direction is called Qibla.
- Makka has preserved the footprints and visitors can also see those footprints.
- Medina, in Arabic, is known by the name ‘Madinat Rasool Allah’ which means the city of the Prophet. It is also called Al-Madina in its short form. It is therefore considered a holy site.
- The Masjid al-Nabawi is located on one side of the tomb of Prophet Muhammad.
- Makka Madina, both very important trading centres, are also Makka. These cities are maintained and beautified by the tax that pilgrims pay. The land is dry and sandy here.
This is why this pilgrimage site is so important to Muslims. Saudi Arabia’s government makes every effort to ensure that pilgrims are able to visit this site and fulfil their Hajj pilgrimage. Special attention is paid to housing, sanitation, and health care. Pilgrims now have access to the latest facilities. Saudi Arabia’s government sets a quota that allows people to travel to each country. Security-minded CCTV cameras are installed in all corners of Mecca. Most pilgrims complete the Hajj pilgrimage as a group.